When you regularly write a lot of texts, the problem of having unintentional plagiarism in them will become only a matter of time.
More often than not, if a student is caught trying to plagiarize, various types of sanctions follow. Their rigor depends on many factors, including the scale and type of borrowing, the internal rules of the institution and any existing principles in relation to plagiarism.
As a punishment, disciplinary sanctions and suspension from studies, as well as expulsion from a university or college, can be applied. If a researcher or journalist was caught trying to plagiarize, then this can certainly damage the reputation, and in the worst case, even lead to a lawsuit.
There are also special databases where they enter information about students seen in plagiarism. Other teachers and even employers will be able to see their names. The main goal of such a base is not to shame the student, but to let others know that he cheated.
Plagiarism is an attempt to present someone else's work and ideas (including the manner of presentation) as their own. Borrowing can be a single sentence or a full text.
There are many types of plagiarism, including the following:
Perhaps this is one of the most egregious cases of misappropriation of someone else's work. The text does not have to be from one author. A variant is possible when a student combines the copied passages together with a splash of his own conclusions. But the fact remains unchanged: these fragments are nothing more than a stolen intellectual property.
2. Partial rewriting
You might be thinking, “Okay, what about taking and replacing some of the words in the text?” Will this still be considered plagiarism? ” Of course yes! Changing a few words does not negate the fact that you are still trying to present the thoughts of others as your own. In any case, replacing words requires significantly less effort than writing text from scratch.
3. Complete rephrasing
Another seemingly innocent way to steal someone's work. This happens when you take a few passages, modify them and put them together, posing as your thoughts. In this case, of course, citations and links are missing
4. Fake quotes
This kind of plagiarism happens when your text contains a link to a work that has nothing to do with it. It may even come to quoting a non-existent source.
5. Using your old work
This species is also known as self-plagiarism. The problem here is that your old work has already been appreciated.
6. Wrong quotes
Ignorance of the rules for citing sources can also be regarded as plagiarism. Lack of citation of the author or incorrect design of references to secondary resources.
You can read more about this topic in my blog.