Indian traditional folk art paintings passed many years but still, it looks unique and communicating our traditional values to the world. India has various cultural diversity like Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism though it is regarded as a country that has an immense cultural heritage. The same way Indian folk art is filled with strong religious and cultural themes. All folk-art paintings communicate the ideas to make you understand the beauty of traditional and natural perception. Mostly traditional folk-art paintings are religious epics, God and goddesses which look unique and never can be replicated again in their way. These are made with natural colors prepared from mud, soil, charcoal, and leaves. Some ancient Indian folk-art paintings adopting new paint colors and materials and some of that is untouched by modernization.
Indian traditional folk-art paintings are primarily taken from villages in India. Yes, they are the illustrated expressions of village creators who created the paintings by choosing the epics like Mahabharata, Ramayana, Bhagavata Purana and also the surrounding village life, people, animals, birds, natural resources like sun, moon, trees, and plant.
There are five such Indian traditional folk-art forms discussed here.
Madhubani painting is also referred to as Mithila painting as it originated from Madhubani district of the Mithila region of Bihar and created by the women of various communities who lived in the Mithila region. Madhubani painting describes the distinctive nature of geometric patterns. This kind of folk art was not famous outside India until the British found broken houses with Madhubani paintings after a natural disaster happened in the 1930’s. Mahasundari Devi is one of the famous artists of the Madhubani painting.
Pattachitra Art is also referred to as Patachitra paintings, this name generally comes from the Sanskrit word “patta” which means canvas and “chitra” means picture. This is a cloth-based scroll painting from Odisha and West Bengal. Pattachitra Paintings are based on the Balrama, Subhadra, Lord Jagannath, Dashavatara and the scenes related to the life Lord Krishna. Pattachitra painting usually takes five days to make. Pattachitra Art is traditionally known as chitrakars.
Mysore painting is one of the important classical south Indian paintings that originated from the town of Mysore then spread to Tanjore and Surpur after the painters migrated to these areas post the fall of the Vijayanagar empire in the Battle of Talikota. Mysore paintings are described by the bright colors and gesso work which inspire the feelings of humility and devotion. The theme of this painting is around Hindu mythology, gods and goddesses.
Tanjore painting is a typical south Indian painting originating from the town of Thanjavur, also referred to as Thanjavur painting. Folk art is described by rich colors, glittering gold foils, extensive gesso work and the use of glass beads or precious and semi-precious stones. Tanjore painting themes are primarily the Hindu gods, goddesses, and saints. These are panel paintings made over wooden planks so ancient people also called this as palagai padam in their locality.
Rajput paintings are gradually developed from the royal courts of Rajputana in the northern part of India. These paintings are characterized by its miniature size in manuscripts or single sheets, several paintings adorned the walls of palaces, forts, havelis, especially the havelis built by Shekhawat Rajputs. Rajput paintings are also called Rajasthani painting. These fort-art paintings use the colors which are extracted from plants, minerals, conch shells, gold, silver and also from precious stones.
Many aspiring creators with excellent skills in paintings exposed their work in a different part of the world. If you are interested in collecting Indian paintings, Rajasthani paintings or any nature paintings you can find the above Indian wall painting.
Warli painting origins from 2500 and 3000 BC and is considered as an art form which is inspired by the residents of the Warli tribe in the coastal regions of Gujarat and Maharashtra and its surrounding areas. These paintings have their own tradition and significance in white over brown background. The white pigment is the mixture of rice with water and the Ochre shade is prepared from the cow-dung in the plastered walls. The Warli paintings symbolize the basic shapes like circle, triangle and square. Although the paintings usually adorn the inner walls of mud houses, yet their study shall convey interesting narratives about the hardships of rural life, religious beliefs and tribal ideologies.
Gond art is considered as a tribal art form Central India, from the eastern Madhya Pradesh. Alike Warli paintings, Gond art also originated from the tribal communities to decorate the walls and floors. Here, the pigments are naturally extracted and are easily recognizable because of the frequent usage of dashes, dots and vibrant colors to compose images. These characteristic patterns of Gond art have succeeded in recording the histories of people who have often relied on oral sources for handing down narratives. These tribal art forms continue to be practiced in different parts of the country and have inspired various modern art forms because of its unique eccentricity and excellence.
Because of our diverse and distinct culture, a variety of art forms have evolved over the years by modernization and by adapting to new paint colors and materials which are practiced not only in India but also in other parts of the world.