The modern world is interested in the environmental sustainability and the ecosystem wellbeing. However, the notion “sustainability” is often perceived and interpreted by various researchers, environmentalists, and other people in different manners. Some individuals believe that environmental sustainability consists in defending the Earth by all means possible, while the others think that sustainability means keeping a balance. In any case, in order to achieve environmental sustainability, the humanity should apply all efforts to seek a balance and save the planet from extinction.
In the video “The Myth of “Environmental Sustainability,” Justin Mog argues that the modern notion of sustainability is only a myth. However, sustainability still can be achieved if the citizens of the Earth will work on eliminating waste and pollution, abuse and injustice (to people, animals, and nature), use renewable resources instead of fossil fuels and carbon dioxide, dispose trash, cultivate diversity, reorganize limits, and build resilient communities. Justin Mog claims that the result of disconnected thinking is wrong understanding of green consumerism and green technologies. If, for example, a farmer cultivates monoculture, it does not mean that he/she does not use any chemical fertilizers or nonrenewable water. Thus, the first step to achieving environmental sustainability is to start thinking about our actions towards our planet, and get off fossil fuels. Instead, renewable resources should be used to get energy and to not damage the environment.
Jonathon Porritt believes that sustainability is available to all living creatures on the planet. The society should begin with radical decarbonisation, which means taking carbon out of economy at every available point. It will lead to substitution of nuclear energy with natural renewable energy, such as solar, wind, water, bio, geo, wave, and tidal energy. Non-nuclear future will be the first step to sustainability. The third industrial revolution will start, resulting in radical redistribution of economic and political wealth. In many countries, this process is already happening. The next step is to make all these resources available and affordable to all people, i.e., to guarantee equity for poor and rich. Thus, sustainability depends on equity and technology.
To understand sustainability, one should understand the paradox of the state of environment. The environmental paradox is the fact that human well-being has been improving while natural ecosystems have been declining. The reason for such conditions is still unknown. However, the most severe concern that negatively influences all ecosystems is the global climate change. The main reason for global warming is human activities. Therefore, during the last sixty years, the scientists work on the issue of saving the environment. The essential concepts that can move the world toward a sustainable future are sustainability, stewardship, and sound science. If the above-mentioned concepts are applied to both public and private policies and actions, the sustainable future can be achieved.
The first important concept for attaining stable environmental development is stewardship. It consists in actions and programs that regulate natural resources and well-being of humans. Stewards care for both human culture and natural world without owing something. Along with stewardship, sound science should be used to achieve sustainability. It involves “a disciplined approach” to understand the natural world and its processes. In addition, a disciplined approach researches human interactions with the world and the outcomes of such interactions. Therefore, if all these concepts are applied, sustainable development can be achieved.
At the same time, no environmental development is possible without economic development. Economics deal with production and distribution of goods, while the economy is the exchange of these goods and services. The global economy is aimed at providing the citizens’ well-being; however, in order to provide this well-being, unethical decisions are often made. Thus, only sustainable, or green economy, is needed in future. The Congress of the state is responsible for the environmental public-policy law and is responsible for developing the rules and regulations to achieve sustainable future.
The life cycle of the environmental public policy consists of four stages: recognition, formulation, implementation and control. Every stage requires some monetary costs to develop. Environmental public policy analyzes the costs and benefits of that or this problem, and if the benefits are significant, people should pay, either through taxes or higher charges. The benefit-cost analysis usually begins with observing the need for a new regulation and discovers some alternative approaches. The costs of the alternatives and the proposed action are compared to the possible benefits. When the benefits outweigh the costs, such action can be called cost-effective. The final step is to get society to agree on this policy and begin implementing it.
Finally, society should move towards sustainable community and lifestyles. It means that the cities should become livable, i.e., be such places where people could live and get the best opportunities for living. Livable cities should have a diverse population, heterogeneity of businesses, shops, residences, etc. Livable cities should keep layouts for people to gather and have fun. Thus, the cities should be designed for people to fell comfortable. Consequently, the lifestyle of the citizens should also change. Every human being should be encouraged to preserve the environment and minimize the negative impacts on it. Some of the lifestyle choices might include walking or using a bicycle instead of a car, recycling garbage, retrofitting houses with solar energy, help the homeless, get the accommodation that is closer to the workplace, etc. Only together people can save the world and achieve environmental sustainability.
To conclude, environmental sustainability is possible and available to all. Sustainability can be achieved through innovations, technologies, sustainable lifestyles, and public policies, along with many other actions. To have a sustainable future, people should begin acting today to substitute carbon energy with renewable resources and find new alternatives to save the planet from global climate changes.
This post was written with the help of the author: Juliette Patioson is a bachelor in English philology and sociology at California University. She is currently working as one of the best writers at the place where you can find how to rewrite a paper She also studies feminine psychology.