Psychology is a study of human behavior and feelings. This discipline researches the influence of a human mind on the actions and emotions of an individual. Nowadays, psychology experiences a rapid development because of the enormous interest and impact of the human mind on people’s life. In the whole world, the peculiar nature of human behavior attracts scientists to study the topic. In the lifetime of a person, psychology plays a great role. Society and individuals have always been curious about the explanation of certain behaviors. Therefore, studying this discipline creates an opportunity to examine the nature of a human mind, feelings and actions. The progress of psychology as a science helps to make a big step towards understanding the power of the mind in people’s lives. This paper aims to research and explain the popularity of psychology and the need for the mysterious field in today’s world.
People are surrounded by different psychological influences every day and, therefore, it becomes more important to understand the nature of mental processes. The research in the field under discussion helps to learn more about the history and development of the science. One of the most important tasks of this discipline is to test and observe the feelings and reactions during the experiment. For psychologists, the behavior and certain patterns that form person’s decisions, motivation, perception, emotion and personality are crucial variables that become a foundation for theories and practices. Moreover, the research of conscious and unconscious mind processes has become the essence of many discoveries today. Nowadays, psychology is a particularly interesting field because it has resources to experiment and run a wide range of scientific tests.
In the past 150 years, the discipline gained enormous success and interest from many scholars all over the world. Psychology is a powerful tool that influences people’s lives. Psychological experiments help to learn and treat a lot of mental illnesses that human beings are suffering from. It is a science about the self where people can learn about the power of their thought processes, control the behavior and understand the meaning of their feelings.
For many years, psychology was considered a branch of philosophy or medicine. Today, this science progresses faster than ever before. With the amount of knowledge gained, funds and specialists involved, the discipline under consideration develops in new directions. In order to understand the pace and the tendencies of the contemporary psychology, it is necessary to research the background of the field. It is a relatively new discipline in the world of science. In fact, for a very long time, psychology was considered a part of philosophical studies. Many ideas that later became the core principles of psychological approaches date back to the Ancient times.
The first ideas in the field of psychology go back to Ancient Greeks, who considered this field of knowledge more related to philosophy. Even the term psychology is derived from Greek “psyche”, which means mind, and “logia” which means study. Plato and Aristotle believed that the mind was separate from the body and the major virtues of the person relate to the mind. Their philosophical thoughts describe that the mind is in control of the body and, therefore, the behavior and reactions come from the mind. The modern history of the discussed discipline started in 1800’s when the German psychologist Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychology laboratory in Leipzig. He is also known for creating an academic discipline known as psychology. Wundt is known for creating the first structured experiments on the functioning of individual’s mind. He is considered the “father” of structuralism, a study of a mind as a conscious experience. Wundt and his student Edward Titchener promoted this school of psychological approach. Titchener later immigrated to the United States and taught at Cornell University where he continued to contribute to the development of the discipline in America. He followed the ideas of his German teacher Wundt and focused on analyzing the structure of the consciousness. Structuralism in psychology promoted the mental processes, feelings and experiences. Both Wundt and Titchener contributed to the development of the discipline worldwide. In the 19th century, the study of psychology was only available in Germany where the first journal of the science in question was published as well as the first department of psychology in Leipzig was founded. Wundt himself supervised a large number of students who later went on to develop the field. Edward Titchener, for example, developed the field of psychology in America, established this subject in Cornell University and separated the corresponding department from philosophy. Since the times of Titchener, psychology rapidly progressed in America. The development of the discipline the USA successfully continued with the changes in the school of thought.
The newly emerged system of psychology appeared at the beginning of 20th century and was called functionalism. William James is one of the most notable figures developing this approach. Functionalism concentrated on expanding psychological methods and experiments. The system explored the ways mind works and how consciousness affects people’s behavior. Unlike the structuralism approach, functionalism focuses on active mental processes rather than observing the mind passively. It evolved later into the new school of thought in psychology developing the new scientific approaches and experiments.
The following notable scientists who contributed to the contemporary psychology are Ivan Pavlov, Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, and John Watson. Ivan Pavlov is famous for his experiments on animals and studies of involuntary behavior. He won a Noble Prize for his classical conditioning findings. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung are well-known all over the world for their work in psychoanalysis. According to this field, the behavior is affected by powerful inner calling that comes from the unconscious mind. Both Freud and Jung developed techniques to make the feelings conscious through their experiments with psychoanalysis.
John Watson became famous for his radical ideas in behaviorism. He is considered to be a leader of this school of thought. According to his theory, the behavior of an individual can be controlled. Watson is known for setting up his experiments on animals because of their simple emotional and physiological background. His beliefs state that behavior of a person can be shaped by the environment, regardless of the previous experiences.
Today, the most popular direction in psychology is a cognitive approach. This theory emphasizes the role of mental processes in feelings and behavior of a person. According to this system, the information processing is what makes people react and feel certain way. The scope of cognitive psychology is very broad. There are many contemporary issues that attract the experts in this field. Different psychological disorders of sleep, stress, and memory are often in the focus of the research.
One of the most notable figures in the field of cognitive approach is Ulric Neisser. He believed that the conduct of a person depends on stimuli that appear from the external environment. The way people think affects the behavior patterns of individuals. The major theory of the cognitive approach is that the person can be explained through various scientific processes. According to the cognitive ideas, all people respond to certain external stimuli. Therefore, their behavior is shaped by their own thinking processes. This psychological approach is rather contemporary and, therefore, its ideas are still facing many controversies.
The field of psychology is a science about human life. There are many reasons for its popularity today. The human brain operates in a way that it can make the right decisions and help people to live a productive and happy life. Psychologists research the nature of human behavior and explain the unconscious processes. It is a broad field that promotes a healthy development of personality. Every person encounters negative feelings such as stress, grief, or pain. Psychology is a discipline that helps to explain the nature of these emotions. It also provides the significant amount of information for studies in medicine, biology and sociology. Additionally, the research in psychology helps to determine the future development of many technologies. Since the human brain is still a mysterious place with enormous abilities, the field under consideration has a lot of phenomena and processes for exploration. The more scientists learn about the productivity and functions of the human brain, the more unexpected results there are yet to find in this discipline.
Psychology is one of the most interesting disciplines and it gains more and more attention over the years. It helps many co-related fields of science to progress and develop. For example, many psychological diseases are now treated because of the long-lasting experiments and research in this field. Nowadays, it is obvious that the knowledge of the self is a natural need of human evolution.
The analysis of the human behavior, feelings and actions provides the priceless information for the future advances of society. As every person strives for individual growth, society has to develop over the time with the help of progressive studies. Even for the past century, psychology advanced from carrying out the simple laboratory test to conducting numerous experiments lasting for years. With the knowledge of the self, people can grow to the enormous extent. Without a doubt, psychology is the vital element of the progressive development of a contemporary person or organization.
From the economic point of view, psychology provides a lot of useful information on how to raise productivity and efficiency in one individual or a group of people. Therefore, many organizations today implement psychological trainings to create the best conditions for the workers to be efficient. There are many studies that provide information on team building and individual growth for different organizations operating in various fields. Nowadays, the influence of psychology advances from a separate individual to a larger scale of society. It is hard to describe the wide the range of fields and disciplines that intersect with this science. There are also many fields that directly depend on the findings of this fascinating subject. Psychology became an integral part of today’s life of the modern society.
In conclusion, the research of psychology as a modern science proves that the need for the development of this useful field is vast. This discipline managed to gain immense results in a short period of time. There are still a lot of controversial arguments and approaches in this field. However, the influence of this important discipline is present in many areas of life. Psychology is now a part of corporations, athletic teams, universities, and other organizations. The modern world is constantly testing the physical and mental abilities of a human mind and body. Therefore, the progress of humanity depends on the careful research of this field. Nowadays, technologies make it possible to run the tests and research in order to obtain fast results. Psychology still tries to identify the full range of abilities of a human mind. It is clear that this discipline is changing the contemporary world, affecting almost every part of people’s lives.
About the author: Triss Ward is a bachelor in English philology and literature at California University. Triss is currently working as one of the best writers at the famous examples of plagiarism She also studies feminine psychology