Agra is a beautiful city in India. Everyone should visit it at least once in a lifetime. Exactly there is one of the seven wonders of the world and many more pearls in the world’s necklace of architecture.
If you recall the beautiful and distant India, then the magnificent city of Agra immediately comes to mind. It rightfully deserves the title of one of the most exotic mega cities in the world, most often visited by curious and ubiquitous tourists. Streets and squares lead those who come here to genuine delight. There is really a huge number of completely unusual places. Agra is a true oriental exotic. This is a fairy tale, exciting, colorful and stately. This city, like no other, reflects the richness of the centuries-old culture of the great Indian people. And if you want to breathe the real air of history, then all the paths lead to Agra.
History of Agra
In the 17th century, Agra covered a period of terrible decline. As the capital of the Great Empire, this beautiful city ceased to exist. Agra went through trials through monstrous destruction and complete devastation associated with the endless bandit invasions of the Jats, marches, Pashtuns and Persians. The inhabitants of Agra, having suffered troubles from a destructive revelry, left it to the safest places for their families, and it was completely empty. At the dawn of the 19th century, the British came to the capital, ravaged by countless bandit raids. Thanks to their intervention, as well as in connection with the construction of the river port here, Agra again “rose from its knees” to finally become the center of industry and trade of the country.
The railway, which was also rebuilt, connected it with such major cities as Calcutta and Delhi. But the oppression of the British over time became simply unbearable for the inhabitants of the city, despite their positive participation in the development of the city’s economy. And in the mid-19th century, the townspeople raised a rebellion directed against their “benefactors”. They managed to suppress it by introducing army units into Agra. As a result, the British remained in Agra until the end of World War II, after which they left the city for good. Modern Agra is a beautiful Indian city, which is the center of world tourism. It also surprisingly combines the fabulous color of temples and palaces with a modern style and is the cradle for a successful industrial business.
One of the Seven Wonders of the World – Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is the most famous building that everyone has heard about since childhood, and which they dream of visiting at least once in their life. To visit and say that now it’s not scary to die, because the Taj Mahal saw it – it’s real!
Every year, this snow-white mosque, like freshly fallen Siberian snow, is visited by millions of curious tourists from all over the world. The beautiful symbol of India has its own romantic story. She talks about the love feeling of the Mughal ruler Shah-Jahan for her beautiful wife, the most beautiful Mumtaz. The wife of the ruler died after their fourteenth child was born. Unhappy with grief, Shah Jahan ordered the construction of a mausoleum unprecedented in the world in memory of his beloved. Such that in his greatness he could compare only with the greatness of their love for each other. Subsequently, the ruler wanted to build a similar temple, only black. And, connecting both buildings with a bridge, finally reunite with his beloved wife. But this dream was not possible because of the betrayal of their son Aurangzeb. He passionately sought power and did not spare either his elder brother or his father. Thus, the greed and lack of devotion of one of the sons became a powerful and merciless weapon against a powerful ruler.
This fort was built in the 11th century. It is located twenty kilometers from the famous Taj Mahal. The Red Fort was the last refuge for the aging emperor. It was there that the traitor son concluded his unhappy parent. Each time on a moonlit night, Shah Jahan went to his small balcony and under the moonlight with eyes full of tears, peered into his great snow-white creation. He recalled those beautiful days when he and Mumtaz were unspeakably happy. I remembered her loving eyes and hands, and his heart was shed with hot tears. His love for his wife did not fade away, but became even stronger.
The fort is called red because it is built of red sandstone. The walls of this fortress are a semicircle, decorated with bizarre mosaics and colorful ornaments, and, of course, reliably fortified with numerous towers. Surprisingly, time has hardly touched the historic structure. Many call it a real miracle. You may also like to explore the Complete Travel Guide to Agra Fort.
Tomb of Itimad-Ud – Daulah
Tourists coming to Agra are sure to try to visit this tomb, decorated with marble and mosaic in the style of Florence. It is also called the Baby Taj Mahal. The slabs of this mini-mausoleum are entirely decorated with semiprecious stones. It looks like a giant jewelry box. Beauty delights and amazes when you find yourself in this beautiful place. For a moment you can feel like a real ruler of countless treasures.
This unique attraction of the Indian city is forty kilometers away. It is, in essence, a “ghost town.” During the reign of Akbar the First, and it was in 1571-1585, this beautiful and prosperous city was the most important in the Mughal Empire. But over time, due to the catastrophic shortage of water, the main source of life, the emperor had to move to Agra. The status of the capital was accordingly transferred there, and the abandoned city began to turn into a “ghost town”. Tourists examine with great interest what is left of its former beauty. And I do not believe that once life was seething here, and everywhere a happy, happy laugh was heard.
At the beginning of the 16th century, Emperor Babur created this outlandish beautiful garden. If translated literally, then with Farsi this name translates as “Garden of Rest”. And really, everything here has exactly for relaxation, meditation and immersion in spiritual relaxation. The garden, decorated in Persian style, amazes with its abundance of sunlight. The garden has a large number of beautiful pavilions and pavilions where you can sit down and relax. Many exotic trees grow everywhere, which cast a slight shadow on the arbors, bringing a pleasant coolness to a tired traveler. Numerous fountains are broken, the splashes of which shimmer in the sun with all the colors of the rainbow like precious stones. Ponds where you can sit and listen to the soothing murmur of water. All paths are paved with stone.
Mausoleum of Chini ka Rauza
This mausoleum has undergone the merciless destruction of time. But he still managed to maintain his bizarre shapes and outlines. A well-known minister and a wonderful poet, part-time Shah Jahan, are buried in it. This complex was erected in the 17th century and at first it was an ensemble of various structures. Until recently, only the mausoleum was preserved, where Shah Jahan rested. You can see here preserved around the perimeter of the tower. Inside is a modest room with elements of Persian architecture. The arched openings have survived and are decorated with a fanciful ornament made of ceramic tiles. Time froze in stone.